Home Page

The complete history of the Universe -- from the Big Bang to 200 my into the future

History of the Universe eBook. 398 pages, 300 illustrations only $2.99

Previous pageNext page

Middle Ages 1 kya

Kingdoms grew in Europe about 1000 years ago. The books of the ancient Greeks slowly began to find their way from Islamic scholars into Europe. Universities were established where these websites were studied. This was the start of the Middle Ages.

Over the next 450 years new technologies were invented. Plowing with horses, together with wind and water powered mills, provided more food. Improvements in glass, mining, metal working, clocks, cathedral building and ship building were also made. Gunpowder was introduced, perhaps brought by Islamic traders from China, and guns began to be developed. Paper and the magnetic compass also came the same way.

In England regular meetings between the king and lords, priests and city leaders began to be held. These were the beginnings of representative government in which the king shared power with his people in return for the taxes they paid him.

Previous pageNext page

History of the Universe eBook. 398 pages, 300 illustrations only $2.99

eBook only $2.99
398 pages, 300 images

"I find the science fabulous...an extremely useful teaching tool."
Professor David Christian

Become a Citizen of the Universe

and get your free badge!