So far we have seen the Universe evolve from a tiny point of false vacuum into a huge dark gas of simple atoms 380 million years later. The next big step in history was the formation of the first stars and galaxies.
A galaxy is an island of stars, typically hundreds of of them, separated from hundreds of billions of other galaxies by a vast ocean of almost empty space. In this story we will look at one particular galaxy (the ), since that is the one we know best, the one where we live. But we should not forget that, scattered far and wide across the , there are hundreds of billions of other galaxies very similar to ours. So before we focus down on the galaxy where we live, letís first look at the big picture.
How did all these galaxies form and how are they arranged in space?
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